Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 54 m (Ref. 269). Tropical; 36°N - 31°S, 32°E - 10°E (Ref. 847)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 30.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)
Colonies irregularly branching (ramose), less than 30 cm in diameter, covered with verrucae; corallites plocoid, about 0.1 cm across, found both on verrucae and in between. Stout branches usually more than 1 cm in diameter, but varies with exposure to water movement and depth. Colonies growing in shallow water or exposed to wave action tend to have thick sturdy branches while those from deep calm waters tend to have thinner branches. Color is mottled light brown in life and skeleton usually has reddish brown patches after cleaning (Ref. 269).
Maximum depth from Ref. 98471. It is found from fore-reefs (Ref. 87903) to protected fringing reefs and coral communities living on rocky substrates (Ref. 98471). Colonies growing in shallow water or exposed to wave action have thick sturdy branches while those from deep calm waters have thinner branches (Ref. 269).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113708). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.8 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 1106 cells).
Low vulnerability (20 of 100)