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Pocillopora damicornis   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Cauliflower coral

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pocillopora damicornis  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pocillopora damicornis (Cauliflower coral)
Pocillopora damicornis
Picture by Batoy, Corazon B.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Pocilloporidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 26 m (Ref. 269), usually 1 - 15 m (Ref. 98471).  Tropical; 36°N - 35°S, 32°E - 10°E (Ref. 847)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific and Western Central Atlantic: East to Hawaii and Panama, south to Lord Howe Island, west to Red Sea, and north to Japan.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 30.0 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)

Short description Morphology

Colonies: Ramose, covered with varrucae; corallites plocoid, less than 1 mm across, found both on varrucae and in between. Tendency of corallites to become cerioid near branch tips. Septa: poorly developed, in 2 cycles, may be reduced to a row to a row of spines. Peritheca: echinulate. Columella: Free. Thickness of branches may vary with exposure to water movement and depth. Colonies growing in shallow water or exposed to wave action: Have thick sturdy branches. Colonies from deep calm waters tend to have thin fragile branches. Color: Mottled brown in life.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Fisheries: Used directly as construction material, to make lime, used to make concrete, and to sell as curios; Live coral collected for aquarium trade; no report of direct consumption as food (Ref. 269). Maximum depth from Ref. 83917. Forms low, compact colonies; in mono-specific or multi-species reefs throughout its range from shallow depths until 20 m; common, relatively tolerant of sedimentation and low salinity as long as there is adequate water motion (Ref. 269). Also in mangrove swamps and wharf piles (Ref. 98471). Has variable (0-50%) bleaching level and low estimated mortality in Palau (Ref. 66144). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Reproduce by fragmentation and sexual reproduction (i.e., broadcast spawning) (Ref. 269). Also, winter to spring (Ref. 113712).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Reproduce by fragmentation and sexual reproduction (i.e., broadcast spawning) (Ref. 269).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 January 2008

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: of potential interest
| FishSource |


More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Hexacorallians of the World | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.2, mean 27.8 (based on 2460 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (20 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)