Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 180 - 1850 m (Ref. 106153), usually 180 - 730 m (Ref. 101581). Subtropical; 7°C - 13°C (Ref. 8), preferred 22°C (Ref. 107945); 41°N - 4°N, 98°W - 51°W (Ref. 115944)
Western Central Atlantic: USA to French Guiana. Tropical to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 98); 22.5 cm TL (female); common length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 98)
Maximum carapace length: 4.2 cm (male); 6.15 cm (female; Ref. 86). Minimum depth from Ref. 106927. Lives in the continental shelf from depths of 180 to 730 m; abundant from depths of 250 to 475 m. Inhabits mud, sand, muddy sand, or white calcareous mud (Ref. 106927).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 8.4 - 18, mean 12 (based on 144 cells).
Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100).