Bivalvia | Pectinida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 300 m (Ref. 83435), usually 30 - 91 m (Ref. 83435). Temperate, preferred 9°C (Ref. 107945); 52°N - 35°N, 75°E - 56°W (Ref. 83435)
Western Central Pacific and Northwest Atlantic: Palau, Canada to USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7726); max. reported age: 12 years (Ref. 8702)
Large epibenthic bivalve found along the continental shelf (Ref. 121934). Semi-mobile. Opportunistic filter feeder, utilizing both pelagic and benthic organisms as food (Ref. 106925),
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Harvey-Clark, C. 1997. (Ref. 7726)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.9 - 11.7, mean 8.5 (based on 153 cells).
Prior r = 0.56, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.84, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100)