Aves | Procellariiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Antarctic. Tropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 89.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 3.0 kg (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 10.64 cm; tarsus: 8.41 cm; wing: 55.06 cm.
Total Length: 79 to 89 cm (Ref. 8812). Breeds biennially from September to October in Southern Ocean islands. World population is estimated at 150,000 birds, or some 25,000 breeding pairs. Current threat is long-line fishing that kills about 4,000 birds per year (Ref. 84934). Scavenging; surface seizing; oceanic (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cherel, Y., C.-A. Bost, C. Guinet and H. Weimerskirch. 2005. (Ref. 89128)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -1.2 - 7.6, mean 1.3 (based on 291 cells).
High vulnerability (56 of 100)