Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 1.8 kg (Ref. 356)
Wingspan: 132 cm (Ref. 8812). A coastal species which exhibits pursuit diving (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Harrison, P. 1983. (Ref. 8812)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 15.5 - 19.2, mean 16.8 (based on 67 cells).
Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100)