Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-West Pacific, Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 175 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 9.0 kg (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 3.30.2 cm; tarsus: 10.16 cm; wing: 60.96 cm.
Total Length: 140 to 175 cm; Wingspan: 270 to 360 cm (Ref. 8812). Surface seizing; coastal (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.5 - 28.6, mean 23.5 (based on 1790 cells).
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)