Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Others; brackish. Subtropical
Indo-West Pacific, Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 180 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 10.0 kg (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 43.7 cm; tarsus: 13.1 cm; wing: 71.6 cm.
Total Length: 160 to 180 cm; Wingspan: 310 to 345 cm (Ref. 8812). Surface seizing; coastal (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.4 - 28.8, mean 21.3 (based on 1591 cells).
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)