Holothuroidea | Synallactida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 5 - 800 m (Ref. 93433), usually 100 - 299 m (Ref. 93433). Subtropical; 56°N - 17°S, 83°W - 36°E
Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Antilles to Gulf of Mexico, north to Ireland to Angola and east to Turkey.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 35.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 363)
Maximum size: 35 cm (Ref. 363); 30 cm (Ref. 358). Maximum width: 7 cm (Ref. 363). Body: depressed enough with a side fold 5 cm pink power station (Ref. 363); definitely flattened form; is provided with the ventral face with 3 lines with podia. Dorsal tegument: Roughcast wart outgrowths and appendices; the papillae, of big size and white color; being limited to the periphery. Variable coloring, of brown with nuance of yellow to red, the sides being constellated with maculae possible blanches.
Maximum size: 35 cm (Ref. 363); 30 cm (Ref. 358). Methods: Captured by dredgers and trawls, this species is used in some countries of the zone (France, Spain where it is very appreciated in Catalonia). One needs additional information on the mode of Net use carrying of large papillae and separating the faces dorsal and ventral (Ref. 363). Abundant in the continental shelf (Refs. 93433, 122969); also found in the continental slope (Ref. 93433). Lives on rubble (Ref. 111335).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.
Ramón, M., J. Lleonart and E. Massutí. 2010. (Ref. 93433)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 13.1 - 15.5, mean 14.2 (based on 91 cells).
Low vulnerability (25 of 100)