Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 1 - 60 m (Ref. 8), usually 10 - 40 m (Ref. 8). Tropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 16°N - 35°S, 18°W - 36°E (Ref. 111099)
Eastern Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: West African coast from Senegal to Angola and around the South African Cape to Mozambique.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 434); 17 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 23.18 g (Ref. 117292)
Common total length: 6.0 to 9.0 cm (male); 9.0 to 14.0 cm (female) (Ref. 8). Found on bottom mud or sandy mud marine and estuarine environment with temperature not less than 16°C (Ref. 8).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 22.6 - 28.3, mean 26.9 (based on 154 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)