Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 1 - 40 m (Ref. 4), usually 5 - 15 m (Ref. 4). Tropical; 14°C - 21°C (Ref. 112669), preferred 24°C (Ref. 107945); 45°N - 28°S, 26°W - 16°E (Ref. 4)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from Morocco to Namibia, and northwest Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 104052); common length : 25.0 cm BASL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441)
Minimum depth range from Ref. 122059. Inhabits shallow water from the sublittoral to 40 m, but is mostly found between 5 and 15 m with rocky bottoms (Ref. 4). Also found in sandy bottoms (Ref. 417). In general, palinurids are mainly considered carnivores, usually feeding upon sluggish, easily captured animals where most material is eaten alive or freshly killed (Ref. 105260). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 18.6 - 27.9, mean 25.2 (based on 366 cells).
Low vulnerability (25 of 100)