Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 94065). Subtropical; 35°N - 23°N, 121°W - 110°W (Ref. 108741)
Eastern Central Pacific: from San Luis Obispo Bay, California, USA, to Magdalena Bay, west coast of Baja California Sur, and along the west coast of the Gulf of California, to Carmen Island, Baja California Sur, Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)
The Red Rock Lobster, Baja California, Mexico fishery of this species has been certified by the Marine Stewardship Council (http://www.msc.org/) as well-managed and sustainable (http://www.msc.org/html/content_1102.htm). Maximum depth from Refs. 104103, 122112. From the littoral zones (tidepools) to depths of about 65 m, being more frequent in deeper waters with rocky substrates (Ref. 4). Juveniles are abundant on exposed or semi-protected rock reefs densely covered with sea grasses and bushy algae (Ref. 104485). Surf grass Phyllospadix spp. may provide nursery habitat for them (Refs. 104485, 104486). Adults move into holes or crevices in the benthos (Ref. 106919). They primarily feed on crustaceans, mollusks and vegetal material (Ref. 104103). Adults consume algae, seagrasses, annelids, arthropods, mollusks, echinoderms, and bryozoans (Ref. 104485).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawning is from May to August (Ref. 4).
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.8 - 22.3, mean 18.4 (based on 12 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100)