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Pandalus borealis   Krøyer, 1838

Northern shrimp

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pandalus borealis  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pandalus borealis (Northern shrimp)
Pandalus borealis
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Pandalidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthopelagic; depth range 9 - 1450 m (Ref. 85480), usually 50 - 500 m (Ref. 85480).  Boreal; -2°C - 12°C (Ref. 85480), preferred 4°C (Ref. 107945); 82°N - 35°N, 180°E - 180°E (Ref. 85480)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Circumpolar. Temperate to polar.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 1.0, range 1 - 1 cm Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 16.5 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology

Commonly known as the "pink" shrimp, it is slender and has a smooth body surface. The shell is somewhat thin, making it more difficult to transport in good condition than the other species. Moreover, although a deep red when alive, it becornes pink after boiling, a quality which also detracts from the commercial value of the unshelled product. The rostrum is about one and three fourths times as long as the carapace, slightly arched above the eyes, terminal half slightly ascending, armed with 12 to 16 teeth above (including 3 or 4 on the carapace), 6 to g teeth below, tip bifid. The anterior dorsal spine is situated at least as far forward as the distal third of the rostrum.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Considered as free-living (Ref. 3123) stenohaline species living on soft substrates with high organic content. It is an opportunistic omnivore functioning as a predator and a scavenger (Ref. 85480).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Post-larvae mature first as males for 2 years, sex transition begins afterwards. Spawning begins on the third winter, hatching occurs during spring (Ref. 82652). Reproductive mode from Ref. 91801.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Piepenburg, D., N.V. Chernova, C.F. von Dorrien, J. Gutt, A.V. Neyelov, E. Rachor, L. Saldanha and M.K. Schmid. 1996. (Ref. 2952)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us


Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): -0.9 - 5.6, mean 1.9 (based on 2142 cells).
Prior r = 0.58, 95% CL = 0.38 - 0.87, Based on 12 stock assessments.
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high