Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 600 m (Ref. 122059), usually 180 - 234 m (Ref. 4). Tropical; 12°C - 18°C (Ref. 116284), preferred 25°C (Ref. 107945); 17°S - 34°S, 27°E - 56°E (Ref. 116284)
Western Indian Ocean and southeast Atlantic: From central Mozambique and southern Madagascar to the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 6.7  range ? - ? cm Max length : 38.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 249); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 249)
It has lengths of 35 cm, maximum total body length; 17 cm, carapace length; 10 cm, average carapace length (Ref. 4). Maximum depth from Ref. 106915. Inhabits deep waters (Ref. 106915). Occurs at depths from 0 to 400 m, usually between 180 and 324 m. Off South Africa it is usually found on muddy or sandy substrate, sometimes with coral fragments; off Madagascar it has been reported from a rocky substrate (Ref. 4). Also on organically rich muddy substrata with coral fragments and sand (Ref. 106915). The species is gregarious and seems to migrate, it can sometimes be caught in enormous numbers (Ref.4 ).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 10.3 - 26.6, mean 20.4 (based on 79 cells).
Low vulnerability (25 of 100).