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Pagophila eburnea   (Phipps, 1774)

ivory gull
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Aves | Ciconiiformes | Laridae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Others.  Polar

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northern Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 616.00 g (Ref. 356)

Short description Morphology

Culmen: 3.59 cm; tarsus: 4.02 cm; wing: 33.8 cm.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Total Length: 40 to 46 cm; Wingspan: 104 to 117 cm (Ref. 8812). Dipping; surface plunging; continental shelf (Ref. 356).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Near Threatened (NT) (A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd); Date assessed: 08 August 2018

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): -1.3 - 2.5, mean 0.2 (based on 208 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown