Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and the Arctic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 131.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 4.264 cm; tarsus: 2.285 cm; wing: 27.095 cm.
Total Length: 35 to 38 cm; Wingspan: 76 cm (Ref. 8812). Dipping; continental shelf; <130 km (Ref. 356). Found in islands, beach, shoreline and in the pelagic zone (Ref. 116102). Feeds on small fish (Ref. 801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.6 - 29.2, mean 27.9 (based on 4313 cells).
Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100)