Polyplacophora | Lepidopleurida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 730 m (Ref. 1875). Temperate
Eastern Central Pacific: USA and Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 3.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 296)
Girdle: minutely scaled medium wide; profusely covered with glassy spines; extends between the valves to the jugal ridge. Mucro: Median and less prominent. Sculpture of central area: Wavy longitudinal ribs. Lateral areas: Faintly defined by ridges. Color of valves: Reddish buff with matching girdle (Ref. 296).
Members of the class Polyplacophora are mostly gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into lecitotrophic planktonic trocophore larvae (no veliger stage) which later metamorphose and settle on the bottom as young adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Polyplacophora are mostly gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into lecitotrophic planktonic trocophore larvae (no veliger stage) which later metamorphose and settle on the bottom as young adults.
Burghardt, G. and L. Burghardt. 2006. (Ref. 296)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 7.8 - 15.6, mean 12.1 (based on 67 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)