Cephalopoda | Octopoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 70 - 700 m (Ref. 96968), usually 250 - 500 m. Subtropical; 45°N - 27°N, 14°W - 37°E
Mediterranean Sea and Northeast Atlantic: from Spain south to Morocco, and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 16.5 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 96968); max. published weight: 750.00 g (Ref. 96968)
Minimum depth from Ref. 105634. Benthic (Ref. 1970). Inhabits the lower continental shelf and upper slope. Feeds on crustaceans (Reptantia and Natantia), fish and cephalopods (Ref. 106837).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.
Quetglas, A, M. Gonzales, A. Carbonell and P. Sánchez. 2001. (Ref. 1958)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 13.2 - 15, mean 14.2 (based on 117 cells).