Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 415). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Massive globular buried under the sand with projecting cylindrical fistules that have smooth ends, or pagoda-shaped projections; 2 - 4 cm wide; 0.1 cm thick. Dirty-white to cream in color (Ref. 415).
In Bocas del Torro, Panama the species is on seagrass beds; 1 to 3 m deep. The species reported from 50 to 100 deep (Ref. 415). Small and cryptic, partly buried in sediment (Ref. 086786). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 22.1 - 28, mean 26.2 (based on 264 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)