Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 101942). Subtropical
Western Atlantic and Western Central Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm BRW male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Ramose to massive-encrusting. Branches: 1 - 2 cm wide. Light grayish, pink or purple, externally, lighter internally. Surface from smooth to extremely spiny, with or without zooanthids. Oscules: 0.2 - 0.7 cm in diameter. Spongy but tough in consistency (Ref. 415).
At Bocas, common both in the reef and in the mangroves (Ref. 415). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302, 86735). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.7 - 28.6, mean 26.1 (based on 1344 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)