Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Thick crusts: 2 - 6 cm in thickness, with compound oscules, 0.3 - 0.6 cm in diameter on top of low mounds. Grayish-blue externally, lighter to tan internally. Surface punctuated with or without white zooanthids Parazoanthus sp. Hard-compressible in consistency (Ref. 415).
Maximum body thickness: 6 cm (Ref. 415). Found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 27 - 28.5, mean 27.7 (based on 101 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)