Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 80 m (Ref. 356), usually ? - 40 m (Ref. 435). Temperate; 4°C - 28°C (Ref. 112013), preferred 9°C (Ref. 107945); 61°N - 24°N, 16°W - 28°E
Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: From western Norway to the UK to Western Sahara and the Mediterranean coasts of Spain, France and Italy. Subtropical to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - 1 cm Max length : 10.9 cm CL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96051); 9.84 cm CL (female); common length : 4.5 cm CL male/unsexed; (Ref. 435); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 96051)
Maximum depth range from Ref. 101396. Maximum carapace width: 8.4; common carapace width: 5.5 cm (Ref. 435). Common in shallow waters from the intertidal to 80 m (Ref. 83653), common at depths not deeper than 40 m (Ref. 435). Found mostly in rocky shores, confined to the lower tidal mark (Refs. 101396). Inhabits on sand or mud (Ref. 435). Carnivore; trophic level 2.6 (Ref. 96418), trophic level 2.98 (Ref. 435). An opportunistic feeder, mostly preys on molluscs and crustaceans and also feeds on detrital material and large quantities of brown algae (Ref. 96482).
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models