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Nautilus pompilius   Linnaeus, 1758

Emperor nautilus

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Nautilus pompilius  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Nautilus pompilius (Emperor nautilus)
Nautilus pompilius
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Cephalopoda | Nautilida | Nautilidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 750 m (Ref. 275), usually 60 - 240 m (Ref. 1695).  Tropical; 20°N - 24°S, 92°E - 180°E (Ref. 1695)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific: from Andaman Islands to Philippines, Australia and Fiji.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 22.2 cm SHD male/unsexed; (Ref. 1695); max. published weight: 1.7 kg (Ref. 1695)

Short description Morphology

Umbilicus filled in with concretion; flame-striped color pattern extending across nearly entire shell

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on the continental shelf and slope. Prefers hard bottoms particularly coral reefs (Ref. 88739), on steep faces (Ref. 106682). Exhibits diel vertical migration. Broken shell washed up on beach (Ref. 88739).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jereb, P. and C.F.E. Roper (eds.). 2005. (Ref. 1695)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FishSource |


More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.5 - 27.9, mean 23.7 (based on 692 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (12 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)