Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 2 - 50 m (Ref. 101608). Subtropical; 46°N - 30°N, 6°W - 37°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Minimum depth range from Ref. 121806. Occurs throughout the Mediterranean coastal waters (Ref. 121808). Subtidal (Ref. 105316). Inhabits fine well-sorted sand (Ref. 2780) and fine muddy sands (Ref. 121806). Often buried into substrate with its proboscis protruding. Emerges at night to forage (Ref. 107005). Also found offshore (Ref. 121805). Genus is known to scavenge (Ref. 104227). Juveniles feed on detritus-rich substrate while adults are carnivores and scavengers (Ref. 107005).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults.
Gusso, C.C., M.F. Gravina and F.R. Maggiore. 2001. (Ref. 2780)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 16.2 - 21.4, mean 18.8 (based on 112 cells).