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Mytilus edulis   Linnaeus, 1758

Blue mussel

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Mytilus edulis  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)
Mytilus edulis
Picture by Scott, Sue

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Bivalvia | Mytilida | Mytilidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 7726).  Temperate, preferred 9°C (Ref. 107945); 89°N - 58°S, 112°E - 61°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Circumpolar.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 11.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95344); max. reported age: 24 years (Ref. 8702)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Minimum depth (intertidal zone) from Ref. 95344.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Harvey-Clark, C. 1997. (Ref. 7726)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Aquaculture: production, species profile; Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Tools

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.4 - 16.1, mean 10.2 (based on 1512 cells).
Resilience (Ref. 69278): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.05-1.14; tmax=24).
Prior r = 0.54, 95% CL = 0.36 - 0.82, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Low.
Nutrients: Calcium = 149 [71, 228] mg/100g; Iron = 8.53 [1.95, 15.11] mg/100g; Protein = 9.88 [8.64, 11.12] %; Omega3 = 0.313 [0.202, 0.423] g/100g; Selenium = 61 [50, 72] μg/100g; VitaminA = 0 μg/100g; Zinc = 2.04 [0.56, 3.51] mg/100g (wet weight).