Bivalvia | Myoida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 2 - 100 m (Ref. 83435). Temperate
Arctic, Northern Atlantic and Eastern Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95344)
Maximum depth from Ref. 95344. Suspension feeder; burrows at considerable depths in mixed sand, sandy mud, or gravel substrata from the lower shore to about 70 m (Ref. 3477). Main food is based on another species of the same Genus; to be replaced with a better reference (Ref. 95774). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Piepenburg, D., N.V. Chernova, C.F. von Dorrien, J. Gutt, A.V. Neyelov, E. Rachor, L. Saldanha and M.K. Schmid. 1996. (Ref. 2952)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 0.6 - 13.3, mean 5 (based on 2454 cells).
Very high vulnerability (75 of 100)