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Monachus schauinslandi   Matschie, 1905

Hawaiian monk seal

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Monachus schauinslandi  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Monachus schauinslandi (Hawaiian monk seal)
Monachus schauinslandi
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Carnivora | Phocidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Bathydemersal; depth range ? - 305 m (Ref. 122680).  Tropical; 90°N - 12°N, 175°E - 147°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Pacific Ocean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 240 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 210 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 200.0 kg (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 200.0 kg

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

They have been seen up to 140 km from the nearest land; they haul out and breed on beaches of sand and coral rubble, and on rocky terraces. Feeds on reef fishes, eels, cephalopods, and lobsters (Ref. 1394). They have been seen up to 140 km from the nearest land; they haul out and breed on beaches of sand and coral rubble, and on rocky terraces (Ref. 1394). They are usually solitary, except on preferred beaches when they occur in close proximity and interact. Feeding occurs within atoll lagoon systems, on reef slope within 200 kilometers (124 miles) of islands or atoll systems. They also forage on seamounts and submarine ridges connecting the atoll systems. Benthic feeders (Ref. 122680). Feeds on reef fishes, eels, cephalopods, and lobsters (Ref. 1394).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Endangered (EN) (C1); Date assessed: 18 November 2014

CITES status (Ref. 108899)


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Fisheries: species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Tools

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.4 - 26.5, mean 17.8 (based on 2556 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown