Holothuroidea | Molpadiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 25 - 5205 m (Ref. 85345). Polar
Antarctic, Atlantic, Western Central Pacific and the Mediterranean Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Maximum depth from Ref. 111335. Lives buried in sediment (Ref. 2545).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.
Gutt, J. 1991. (Ref. 2545)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -1.7 - 2.3, mean 0.4 (based on 231 cells).