Ascidiacea | Stolidobranchia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 5 - 30 m (Ref. 356). Subtropical, preferred 18°C (Ref. 107945)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Western Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models