Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 1 - 37 m (Ref. 8). Tropical; 31°N - 12°S, 47°E - 153°E
Indo-West Pacific: west coast of India to the Philippines and New Guinea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 6.4, range 6 - ? cm Max length : 11.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 13 cm TL (female)
Can tolerate a wide range of salinity, 3-43 ppt (Ref. 8). Found in mangroves, in muddy substrate and among shells (Ref. 121467). Spawns throughout the year, peaking thrice (Ref. 108666).
Life cycle: Eggs and larvae found in inshore waters. Larvae undergo 5 nauplial, 3 protozoal and 3 myses stages. Post-larvae migrate to brackish waters to feed and grow and go back to the sea where they attain maturity (Ref. 108666). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): 25.1 - 29.2, mean 28.5 (based on 786 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).