Holothuroidea | Synallactida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 18 - 4255 m (Ref. 85345). Subtropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Arctic, Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.
Koukouras, A. and M.-S. Kitsos. 2010. (Ref. 85345)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 13 - 13.9, mean 13.6 (based on 234 cells).