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Melicertus latisulcatus   (Kishinouye, 1896)

western king prawn

Native range
Reviewed map
Melicertus latisulcatus  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Melicertus latisulcatus (western king prawn)
Melicertus latisulcatus
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 80 m (Ref. 8).  Tropical, preferred 25°C (Ref. 107945); 39°N - 35°S, 37°E - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: from Mozambique to Western Australia including Persian Gulf, Red Sea and Arabian Sea; then from North Korea down to Gulf of St. Vincent, South Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 13.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 19 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 60.00 g (Ref. 116487)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Intertidal. Juveniles are found on seagrass beds and mangroves higher in the shoreline (Ref. 106908). Inhabits open sea areas with sandy or muddy and sandy bottom (Ref. 374). Nocturnal (Refs. 10, 85270). Burrows on sand at daytime (Ref. 801). Life cycle: pelagic larvae (four larval stages: nauplii, zoea, mysis and post-larvae) to inshore juvenile to offshore adult (Ref. 107331). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). The male transfers its spermatophore to the female's thelycum (Ref. 107331).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Life cycle: pelagic larvae (four larval stages: nauplii, zoea, mysis and post-larvae) to inshore juvenile to offshore adult (Ref. 107331). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). The male transfers its spermatophore to the female's thelycum (Ref. 107331).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Tools

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.8 - 28.7, mean 26.7 (based on 1166 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Prior r = 1.12, 95% CL = 0.74 - 1.69, Based on 4 stock assessments.
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high