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Melanitta perspicillata   (Linnaeus, 1758)

surf scoter
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Aves | Anseriformes | Anatidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Others; brackish.  Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Pacific, Western Atlantic and the Arctic: Alaska, Canada and USA. Subtropical to polar.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 54.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94965); max. published weight: 950.00 g (Ref. 356)

Short description Morphology

Culmen: 3.7 cm; wing: 24.4 cm (Ref. 356). Large duck; male: black overall; white forehead, nape and base of bill; orange bill; female: dark brown overall; light cheek (Ref. 94965).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Surface diving; coastal. Winters from Alaska to Baja California, Nova Scotia to Florida, Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 356).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 August 2018

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.8 - 23.7, mean 8.8 (based on 928 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown