Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 348). Tropical; 31°N - 9°S, 44°E - 118°E
Indo-Pacific: from northwest Indian Ocean and the Aden Gulf to Indonesia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.5 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 5.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); max. reported age: 3.00 years (Ref. 8702)
Depth range is based on ecology (Ref. 348); to be replaced wtith a better reference. Primarily marine but also invades backwaters and estuaries (Ref. 105059). Found in protected coastal areas, with shallow subtidal waters (Ref. 348). In muddy and sandy substrates (Ref. 105057) where it burrows (Ref. 105059). Family is known to be suspension feeders, filtering planktonic algae and organic matter from the water (Ref. 348).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.6 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 942 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).