Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 356). Subtropical, preferred 3°C (Ref. 107945)
Northeast Pacific and the Arctic: Alaska, Canada and USA. Subtropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 14.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 124296); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 8702)
Active burrower (Ref. 106903).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 0.9 - 7.9, mean 3.4 (based on 388 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)