Bivalvia | Veneroida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 360 m (Ref. 95344). Polar; 82°N - 41°N, 72°W - 0°W (Ref. 3446)
Northeast Pacific, Northern Atlantic and the Arctic. Polar and circumboreal.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95344)
Maximum depth from Ref. 117961. Main food and feeding type based on another species of the same genus; to be replaced with a better reference (Ref. 95728). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Piepenburg, D., N.V. Chernova, C.F. von Dorrien, J. Gutt, A.V. Neyelov, E. Rachor, L. Saldanha and M.K. Schmid. 1996. (Ref. 2952)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 0.4 - 10.3, mean 2.7 (based on 224 cells).
High vulnerability (65 of 100)