Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848). Tropical; 29°N - 24°S, 95°E - 165°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Japan to Australia and Indonesia to Papua New Guinea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Formation: large, usually dome-shaped; flabello-meandroid with valleys closely compacted.; large colonies easily break apart despite a robust appearance. Polyps: with thick fleshy mantle hiding the skeletal structure. Mantle: covered by elongate papillae resembling tentacles; if touched, mantle retracts to reveal the underlying growth form, where valleys have no common walls. Color: uniform dark gray-brown. Underwater, it appears to be a Symphyllia (Ref. 848).
Occurs in most shallow reef environments (Ref. 848).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.9 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 1016 cells).