Gymnolaemata | Cyclostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 2 - 262 m (Ref. 2672). Tropical
Warm temperate and tropical waters of the Pacific. Mediterranean Sea: Croatia. Subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Maximum depth from Ref. 116066. Epibenthic, encrusting (Ref. 116066). In warm temperate and tropical waters (Ref. 874). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Morri, C., C.N. Bianchi, S. Cocito, A. Peirano, A.M. De Biase, S. Aliani, M. Pansini, M. Boyer, F. Ferdeghini, M Pestarino and P. Dando. 1999. (Ref. 2672)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 16.2 - 18.8, mean 17.7 (based on 24 cells).