Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 46 m (Ref. 95344). Boreal, preferred 8°C (Ref. 107945); 60°N - 22°N, 166°E - 109°W
Pacific Ocean: West to east Bering Sea, Aleutian to Baja California.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 1.0, range 1 - 1 cm Max length : 7.5 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95344); common length : 6.4 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78182); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 104675)
Maximum depth from Ref. 104447. Buries in gravel, sand and mud to more than 10 cm deep along the mid-intertidal zone (Ref. 95344). Preyed upon by naticid gastropods (Ref. 100855). Suspension-feeder (Ref. 78182). In general, suspension feeding bivalves mainly depend on phytoplankton and detritus material for nutrition (Ref. 107088). Also Refs. 104663, 104666, 104667, 104684 (Ref. 78182).
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833). Eggs are discharged through the siphon (Ref. 104667). Spawning: Two periods of high temperature and two spawning peaks may occur in summer due to strong water temperature fluctuations while only one temperature and spawning peak may be expected in a warmer than normal year (Ref. 78182).
Shaw, W.N. 1986. (Ref. 78182)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Aquaculture: production; Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 7.3 - 15.7, mean 9.8 (based on 90 cells).