Aves | Charadriiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Others; brackish. Tropical
Indo-West Pacific, Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 69.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 356)
Scavenging; kleptoparasitism; coastal (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100).