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Larus hyperboreus   Gunnerus, 1767

glaucous gull
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Aves | Ciconiiformes | Laridae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Others; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 119695).  Temperate; 85°N - 31°N, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 120722)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northern Pacific and Atlantic Ocean, Arctic and Pacific Asia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 77.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 1.4 kg (Ref. 356)

Short description Morphology

Culmen: 6.26 cm; tarsus: 7.41 cm; wing: 45.9 cm.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Total Length: 66 to 77 cm; Wingspan: 132 to 142 cm (Ref. 8812). Minimum and maximum depth based on feeding behavior of dippers (0.3+-0.2). This is is also based on diving depth of one species of the genus Larus. Found on bay and nearshore, beach and shoreline (Ref. 116102). Coastal; scavenger; kleptoparasitism; (Ref. 356). Prey on cliff-nesting colonial seabirds, usually within a limited area within the whole colony and on locations that are disadvantageous for the colonial birds to defend such as on broad ledges or sloping cliffs. Vulnerable to pollution because of their foraging, prey, or nesting habit near shore, close to industrial or agricultural pollutants (Ref. 87784).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 August 2018

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.4 - 13.3, mean 7.5 (based on 1860 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown