Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-Pacific and Atlantic Ocean: Belize, Hong Kong, Japan and Taiwan.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 48.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 640.00 g (Ref. 356)
Total Length: 46 to 48 cm (Ref. 8812). Found on the beach and shoreline (Ref. 116102). Dipping; surface plunging; coastal (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 5.4 - 23.5, mean 13.1 (based on 683 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100)