Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Western Indian Ocean, Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 52.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 770.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 4.68 cm; wing: 39.99 cm.
Total Length: 48 to 52 cm; Wingspan: 115 to 140 cm (Ref. 8812). Surface seizing; kleptoparasitism; coastal (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100)