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Laona quadrata   (Wood, 1839)

quadrate paperbubble
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Cephalaspidea | Philinidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 16 - 2355 m (Ref. 118694), usually 200 - 1752 m (Ref. 3446).  Subtropical; 68°N - 35°N, 70°W - 0°W (Ref. 3446)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and the Arctic. Subtropical to polar.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3446)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 113590. Found on clay, sand, coarse sand, shell sand, rocks and gravel. Observed to contain forams in their guts (Ref. 113590). Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.3 - 10.4, mean 4.6 (based on 496 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown