Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 5 - 200 m (Ref. 4). Temperate, preferred 16°C (Ref. 107945); 31°S - 51°S, 129°E - 175°W (Ref. 111521)
Indo-West Pacific: Australia, New Zealand and Chatham Island.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 8.4, range 7 - ? cm Max length : 58.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); 43 cm TL (female)
Maximum carapace length of 23.5 cm (male) and 18 cm (female); and minimum legal carapace length of 10 cm (male) and 9 cm (female). Soft shelled specimens are occasionally caught in December and January (Ref. 4). Lives in crevices of rocky shores and among algae (Ref. 4). Also commonly occurs on broken boulder areas and fractured reef (Ref. 106895). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
): 9 - 17.6, mean 14.2 (based on 70 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100)
Prior r = 0.52, 95% CL = 0.35 - 0.77, Based on 5 stock assessments.