Mammalia | Carnivora
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Bathydemersal. Temperate; 90°N - 90°S, 130°E - 120°W
Pacific Ocean, Black Sea and the Arctic. Boreal to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 180 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 148.0 kg (Ref. 1394)
Feeds on several species of fish and crustaceans (Ref. 1394). Feeds on several species of fish and crustaceans (Ref. 1394).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -0.4 - 4.9, mean 2.4 (based on 2322 cells).
Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100)