Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 234 m (Ref. 865). Temperate
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 12.5 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 865)
It is found on hard substrates from low intertidal areas to a depth of 234 meters (Ref. 865). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Gotshall, D.W. 2005. (Ref. 865)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 5.3 - 20.8, mean 8.5 (based on 66 cells).