Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 146 - 5110 m (Ref. 87599). Subtropical
Western Indian Ocean and the Antarctic. Subtropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Hayward, P.J. 1981. (Ref. 87599)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 2.1 - 6.3, mean 3.2 (based on 949 cells).