Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 105991). Subtropical; 49°N - 27°N, 19°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean: from France to Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Madeira Island and Canary Islands, including the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.3 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123052); max. published weight: 58.20 g (Ref. 123052)
Intertidal to a depth of 80 m. Found in a lagoon (Ref. 105976). Also found offshore (Ref. 122927). Inhabits rocky, sandy-mud and mud substrata (Ref. 105992). Also found on seagrass (Ref. 85545). Opportunistic feeder, exhibiting both carnivory and scavenging. Feeds on a variety of bivalves, including gastropods, barnacles, tunicates, bryozoans, carrion and its conspecifics. Employs drilling and chipping patterns on certain bivalves (Ref. 106099).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults.
Templado, J. and R. Villanueva. 2010. (Ref. 85339)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.5 - 21.5, mean 18.7 (based on 202 cells).