Demospongiae | Halisarcida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 2 - 15 m (Ref. 415). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.2 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Encrusting sponge, 0.1 - 0.2 cm thickness. Smooth, and slippery surface, with regularly dispersed oscula: 0.2 - 0.3 cm in diameter. A conspicuous star-shaped canal system surrounds each oscula (Ref. 415). Color: light to dark blue or violet. Leathery (Ref. 85482).
Maximum body thickness: 0.2 cm (Ref. 415). On dead coral in reef environments: 2 to 15 m deep (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Favors coral undersides, overhangs, and crevices in shallow and deep reefs and hard bottoms (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.4 - 28.2, mean 27.5 (based on 517 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)